Latin Phrases

Latin Botanical Terms

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abbreviatus
Short

acuminatus
Long tapering (gradually narrowed) point

acutifolius
Having sharp leaves

adpressus
Pressed together, pressed against

adscendens
Rising, going up

aerius
Of the air, as air-roots

affinus
Related, connected, having an affinity

africanus
From Africa

alatus
Winged

albescens
Pale, whitish

albidus, albus
White

albiflorus
Having white flowers

alpinus
Of the alpines, mountains

alternus
Alternating, not directly opposite

altus
Altitude, tall

amabilis
Amiable, lovely

amphibius
Adaptable either to land or water

angulosus
Angled, turning every which way

angustifolius
With narrow leaves (rarely used term, more commonly used one is nerifolius)

aquaticus
Of the water, water-loving

arborescens
Growing like a tree, woody like a tree

arenatius
Found in sandy places

argenteus, argentus
Silvery

aristatus
Bearded

arrectus
Straight up, erect

ascendens
Going up, ascending

asiaticus, asiatus
From Asia

atlanticus
Atlantic

atropurpureus, atropurpurea
Purple colour, sometimes also used for dark red

atrosanguineus
Dark blood-red

atroviolaceus
Dark violet

atrovirens
Dark green

augustus
Important in size or appearance, imposing

aurantiacus
Orange-red

aureus
Golden

azureus
Light blue, azure

babylonicus
Babylonian, from Babylon

balticus
From the Baltic

bengalinis
From Bengal

biennis
Biennial

biflorus
Two flowered

bifolius
Two leaved

brefolius
With short leaves

brevis
Short

brevisimus
Very short

brillian
Brilliant

brittanicus
From Britain

brunneus
Brown

bulgarius
Bulgarian

buxifolius
With leaves like a boxwood, box-leaved

calamifolius
With reed-like leaves

californicus
From California

campestris
Found in fields

candelabrum
Having the form of a candelabra

candicans
White or frosty looking

catitatus
Headed

carneus
Flesh-colored

cerefolius
With waxy leaves

coccineus
Bright red

coloratus
Colored

columnaris
Having the form of a column

concolor
Similar coloring

conglomeratus
All close together

contortus
Twisted, contorted

cordatus
Heart-shaped

cornutus, cornuta
Horned

crassifolius
With thick leaves

crenatus
Serrated

cuspidatus
Sharp tooth, or hard point

deformis
Deformed

deliciosus, deliciosa
Delicious

dendroideus
Like a tree

densatus
Dense

densifolius
With dense leaves

densiflorus
With dense flowers

dentatus
Toothed, with a series of points

dipterus
Two-winged

discolor
Of two or several colors

dissectus
Deeply cut leaves, an in fern-leaved maple

divaricatus
Spreading

domesticus
Domesticated

edulis
Can be eaten

elatus, elata
Tall

elegans
Elegant, graceful

elongatus
Long

erectus
Upright

excelsius, excelsus
Tall

exoticus, exotica
From another country

fastigiatus
Having nearly vertical, close-together branches

ferox
Fierce, thorny

flaccidus
Soft, limp

flammeus
Flame-colored

flexilis
Bendable, flexible

florepleno
With double flowers

florebundus
With many flowers

foetidus
Bad-smelling, having a fetid odor

fragrans
Sweet-smelling, fragrant

fragrantissimus
Very sweet-smelling

frutescens
Bushy, shrubby, twiggy

gallicus
From Gaul (France), may also pertain to a rooster

giganticus
Large, gigantic

glaucus
With a frost-like bloom, as on a grape

gloriosus, gloriosa
Great, superb

gracilis
Slender, graceful, lissome

grandifolius
With large leaves

gutatus
Freckled

haemanthus
Bright red flowers

humilis
Dwarf, low ilicifolius holly-like leaves

japonicus
From Japan

lancifolius
With lance-like leaves

latifolius
With broad leaves

leptolepis
With thin scales

leptophyllus
With thin leaves

leucodermis
With white skin

lobularuis
Lobed

luteus
Yellow

macranthus
With large flowers

nacro
Big, long, large

maximus
The largest

medius
Medium

megalophyllus
With very large leaves

microphyllus
With very small leaves

minimus
Very small

mollis
Hairy, fuzzy

myriophyllus
With many leaves

nanus, nana
Dwarf, small

nerifolius, nerifolia,
With narrow leaves

niger
Black

nodulosa
With small nodes

nudifolia
Deciduous, naked of leaves

oblongatus
Oblong, oval

officinalis
Medicinal

parviflorus
With small flowers

parvifolia
With small leaves

patens
Spreading

pinous
Line-like

podocarpus
With stalked fruits

polydactylus
With many fingers

porphyreus
Purple

praecox
Very early

procumbens
Procumbent, lying down

pumilus
Dwarf, small

pygmaeus
Pygmy

pyramidalis
Pyramidal

repens
Creeping, low

reticulatus
With a netted pattern

robustus
Strong, robust

rosea florus
With rose-like flowers

rotundifolius
With round leaves

scandens
Climbing

semperflorens
Everblooming

sempervirens
Always green

serpens
Creeping

serpyllifolius
With thyme-like leaves

serratus
With a saw tooth edge

stolenifera
With runners that root and send up another plant

strictus
Erect

sylvaticus
Of the forest

tenuifolius
With slender leaves

tomentosus
Very wooly

tridens
With three teeth or points

variegatus
Variegated

verrucosus
Warty

virens
Green

virginianus
Of Virginia, first defined in Virginia

viridis
Green

vulgaris
Common, vulgar, ordinary

xanthinus
Yellow

zonalis
Banded

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